Monday, July 7, 2014

Scale, the Midwest, and Mapping

I've driven to Utah and back in the past two weeks. That's some 2,600 miles, not including forays to Dinosaur National Monument, the Salt Lake, a "you dig it" trilobite fossil quarry, plus a quick jaunt to Fort Collins and Denver on the way in. I'd have to check the tripometer in the car, but I'm pretty certain we broke the 4,000 mile mark.

It got me to thinking about scale, and maps I've drawn. Utah is a stunning expanse of mountains, green valleys, expansive deserts. The Salt Lake is...something I'll have a post on later, it's not something you can experience and not know exactly how to use it for a game.

I'd been playing around and I ended up whipping up a campaign map for the kid's game, some time back. I could have used Autarch's completely viable blank hex maps, but I wanted something more "square", for various reasons. As it ended up, I also decided to put a third level of context in the hex map with 3 sizes of hex.

Below, find the map. The largest hexes are 96 miles, the next smallest 24, the smallest 6 miles. Note my unused checkboxes - we can scale up to the largest hexes being 1,536 miles, and all the way down to where the smallest hexes are something under 2 feet. I think in general use I'd use the scale box to show what size the middle hexes are.

I've actually used this to scale the map in and out - I have another one where the largest hexes are 24 miles, centered on the large city in the middle. The zoom-out map has the largest as 384-mile hexes. It's not really automated at all. I have to redraw the map and re-realize the road and river paths at each scale, as well as decide out to re-detail mountains/forests and whatnot.

So, it's serviceable. I made it by taking Hexographer output and painstakingly resizing things to match up under my grid overlay in GIMP, then, the usual adding layers of labels and features.

If you look closely you'll see the ring of obelisks I described in my Baleful Sky: Alfim post, about 2 of the mid-size 24 miles hexes out from the edge of the northeastern forest. They're about 45ish miles apart.

One thing I didn't necessarily think about when I did this was scale and geography. How does this compare to the real world? I realize, of course, it doesn't have to, but there's a simplicity inherent in not breaking from real-world geography.

Thing is, I live in the midwest of the United States, and that gives me a concept of scale that's decidedly non-European. I look at a 96 mile hex and figure it'll take me maybe an hour and a half if there's a highway travelling through it, at most. I've driven to Florida 3 times in the past year and a half.  I've just driven to Utah and back. It's a car culture, we get around - any drive around a hour in duration isn't a big deal, and a lot of people have a very high barrier to giving up and getting on a plane. And trains are re-friggin-diculous in this country, it's a damned shame.

ACKS, however, is a decidedly Mediterranean game. It breathes a 'bowl of civilization' sort of theme, with multiple cultures coming into contact and conflict. It wants trade and travel and adventure. That sort of thing works in a game because it worked in history - tossing a whole bunch of cultures within arms distance of each other drove societal evolution.

So what does some random town in Greece look like?

 I've centered on the town of Magiadar, which is now apparently called Fanos. The map here is a WWII era map from NatGeo - this is at a 96 mile scale for the largest hexes.

Already, I think, that's a little more adventuresome, there's a larger city about 40 miles away - Thessaloniki, the second largest and wealthiest city of the Byzantine Empire, at that, according to Wikipedia it's also the 5th best party city in the world, so get out your carousing rules.

As a comparison, let's look at a map centered on Stratford, Iowa, done in the same style.

This isn't terribly different from my map, actually. It's missing a mountain range to the southeast, and an alien Elfish forest to the northeast, but, other than that, we both have large swaths of flat land. Des Moines is ~50 miles away or so.

If we zoom out a spot, however, and let our smallest hexes be 24 miles, what do we get? This would be ACKS' "campaign map", as opposed to the previous maps being our regional map. The large center hex is 384 miles.

Bam! The Balkan peninsula, plus a bit of Italy and Turkey. We know from actual history a setup like this is rife with adventure. Hell, ignoring the entirety of the history surrounding the Grecian city-states, the Roman and Ottoman empires, etc., friggin' Transylvania is on this map. I know, right? *ADVENTURE!*

Now, a 384 mile hex centered on Stratford, Iowa:

We gather two of the Great Lakes, and few more major cities. Historically, though, and as an American I will now revel in my shallow knowledge of history, especially in my own backyard, there's not a lot to be said. European settlers came in, and as they transformed into the United States, they pushed out and marginalized the native peoples. And the history of the first cultures of this land was lost under the history that was written by those who are now us. Or me, I don't know where you're from.

Certainly the settling of wild lands is in the purview of a good DND game; but it works so much better when it's an empty land dotted with actual monsters, and not the chasing off of other humans.

The thing with the European map is that there are natural boundaries - all those seas breaking up the landmass, plus a few well-placed mountain ranges. Boundaries that exist to isolate a population until such time as it can overcome those boundaries and meet other cultures help to diversify them. But, a broad stretch of plains is not a boundary, espc. not to a culture which is migratory. So, things are less different, and in a game sense, less fun.

I may have just exploded a (soci/anthrop)ologist's head with the broadness of my brush on that statement. It's OK, I'm not, you know, learned on that sort of thing. I play a doctor on this blog.

Might be familiarity. Maybe there's some old frustrated DM in Greece right now eyeing the northern Midwest as a vast span of trackless, dangerous land, full of plains dragons.

So, for completeness, the 384-mile hex map of the kid's campaign:

I didn't actually draw this map out of pure chance - the kids did it for me, via Beyond The Wall's chargen playbook system.

The eldest daughter rolled a Noble's Wild Daughter, which necessitated a castle, there in the center hex still. The wife rolled a Fae Foundling, so I needed a spooky fey forest, there in the northeast.

The friend and his boys rolled their characters; an Heir to a Legend, a Forgotten Child, and a Local Performer, respectively. They commiserated a bit and came up with the Forgotten Child being the lost scion of a ruler recently overthrown by his uncle; and the Heir, related to the marshal of that ruler, whisked him away around the mountains to where the eldest daughter's family is, who now house him.

So, I put that slash of a mountain range in between where they are now and where they need to go to reclaim that domain, down there in the southeast, at the confluence of those two rivers.

There's a rugged way directly through that mountain range that serves two purposes - it allows a quick way to get through to that domain in the future, and it lets me introduce political conflict.

I allied the two domains with each other - each was working on clearing the hexes that make up that mountain pass so they'd meet in the middle, to enable a quicker trade route (I imagine the ocean is just off the map to the south). That's an ACKSy thing to do for a domain ruler.

However, the southern domain isn't going as fast as the northern - since this is now the usurper uncle, he's spending more on garrison costs to keep his realm together, rather than spending it on pushing through those hexes. Also very ACKSy!

It's a good map for a kid's game - it's a very Beyond The Wall map - that mysterious forest where the eldest daughter's friend was born, those forbidding mountains across which lies the eldest boy's mortal enemy. Up on the 96-mile map at the top you'll see Lake Cynidicea, Mount Snurre, the Valley of the Silver Prince, all places where classic themes can be revisited. That last keep, there, deep in the mountain pass, two hexes north of the volcano - a keep right on the borderland of the unexplored pass.

Big signs blinking "Adventure!" in neon shades.

I don't expect the campaign to hold together very long, sports season is restarting for the boys and the father is a head coach for one of their football teams. But, if it does by some miracle, they've got directions to go and places to discover.

Later, I think, I'll rework my hex overlay a bit and do a by-the-Autarchs campaign and regional map setup. It'll be a nice excuse to do a review of the core ACKS book without doing a review - the domain/realm construction and management rules are the jewel of the system, after all.

So, there's something to think about. An expanse of vast grassland is going to have a much different sociological setup than one broken up by geological features, and that's something to keep in mind when deciding the theme of a campaign.


  1. Replies
    1. Thanks!

      It came to me as I was putzing around on another map that I've been putting some form of the Great Plains and/or Mississippi River Valley in almost every map I've ever drawn for some many years now.

      Completely subconsciously. So now, of course, I have to try not to err in the other direction.