Tuesday, December 23, 2014


Here, I read through Dwimmermount (ACKS).

I was not a Kickstarter backer - I found Autarch shortly after the KS for that and the Player's Companion ended. I also found the OSR somewhat late in the game, so I had missed the bolus of the Dwimmermount play posts on Grognardia, and therefore this is my first introduction to the setting.

I am aboard the ACKS bandwagon, however, and this is the first time we'll see Autarch use it's own domain management rules in a published product.

For that matter, this is the first Autarch-published non-instructionary book. From posts I've seen, Autarch has filled out what work James Maliszewski was capable of producing and fixed it up quite a bit. So we should see some of that attention to detail we see in other Autarch products shine through the lens of whatever Dwimmermount was originally intended to be.

The PDF is a 420 page file, 54MB in size. It's well bookmarked; each section and even each dungeon room gets it's own bookmark, which is nice.

It is likely I'll have minor spoilers in this readthrough.

Chapter 1: Introduction

We have here a voice from beyond, as James has his own introduction to what was his megadungeon campaign, in which he explains the conceptual genesis of the place, and an exhortation to take it and make it your own.

Autarch then chimes in with a Publisher's Notes, explaining the pieces of the product itself, and then a piece which I think may be a bit of a eulogy for the process of getting this thing to print. They explain where they deviated from what James may have released had he stayed on the project.

Autarch fully releases this thing under the OGL,  in a move that is both unique, welcome, and, hopefully, a bit cathartic.

What is not OGL: The name Dwimmermount; the various company & system names (ACKS, LL), the artwork, logos, and presentation.

What is OGL: All maps, text, tables, game statistics.

That's everything you need, more or less.

Section 1: Outside Dwimmermount

The first thing we get is a small map of the area around Muntburg and Dwimmermount, about 15 by 17 hexes in size. It's in the old Judge's Guild B&W 'pattern fill' style, in greyscale. It's of a large enough area to get you from Dwimmermount to Adamas, the largest city defined in the product. For a party that focuses on the mountain itself until it's complete, you may not have to stray from these hexes - Adamas, the largest market in the product, is right on the southern edge of the map.

Chapter 2: History of Dwimmermount

Split into two sections this chapter gives you an overview of the history of the place. The first section is a 'sage's view' of Dwimmermount in the current era - what you could expect to find out from whomever is in the know around the area, as well as a brief paragraph on recent events, where one may start their campaign at.

The second section is laid out in detail - the Secret History of Dwimmermount -  with things the PCs may only discover interacting with Dwimmermount and it's denizens.

It is split into eras, each corresponding to the major actors of the time, each ending with that actor's fall. It's a mix of science-gone-wrong, inexplicable beings treated as gods, religious warring, falling empires.

It is well-organized, and it's actually pretty straightforward. There's a clear 'theme' for each era, there's a logical series of events within each era, and it's not something that's chock-full of various NPC personalities you would have to keep straight, nor oft-hyphenated or quote'laden names.

Each entry is numbered for reference later in the book.

If you're of the type to want to lift Dwimmermount out of the implied setting and drop it in  your own, the themes and hooks of this history aren't anything you'll have a problem with; the serial numbers are only lightly attached. Reading through the chapter, I already had a clear grasp of how I'd fiddle with it for my own Baleful Sky proto-campaign-setting.

It's a relatively un-gonzo send up of 60s-80s scifi/fantasy mix. This isn't Anomalous Subsurface Environment's 'Saturday Morning Cartoon' style of anything-goes, by any means; the basic fantasy tropes get a bit of sci-fi varnish on them that's easy to wash off for those who don't like mixing their chocolate and peanut butter - there's a little Swords & Planets, a little Deus Est Machina.

It's not full-on Thundarr the Barbarian - it's well grounded in it's D&D roots - especially as you consider Burrough's Mars and Jack Vance's Planet of Adventure to be part of those roots.

It's take on dwarves is simultaneously sci-fi and ancient, calling back to when dwarves/gnomes and the like were simply of elemental earth and not just possible player character races. The elves in the setting benefit from a large helping of swords & planets, taking them out of their familiar hippy-foresters niche. (One could argue Tolkien's elves would qualify as near alien.)

Chapter 3: Adventuring in Dwimmermount

There's a few things laid out in here about how to present a Dwimmermount campaign, in regards to races, classes, and ancillary cultural information.

Gods of the various alignments are explored - each god being well tied into the background of Dwimmermount's setting. Each god's clerics are given some strictures, some of which (refreshingly) have in-game consequences - a couple require a cleric to have taken specific proficiencies, which is a nice twist.

There's a common knowledge section on Dwimmermount; plus each race is given their specific beliefs about the site, which if kept secret from players not of those races would make for an interesting party dynamic.

A random rumor table follows; then a neat bit - sale of party-created maps to local historians, with a value given per room and door by level, with the admonition that these maps could 'go viral' and introduce competing NPC parties at a higher rate. (or allowing players to buy other folks' maps).

Then, a table detailing the value of historical facts - recall in the Secret History of Dwimmermount, each bit of history was numbered - this table tells you that, say, Fact 1-3 and 1-4 (Facts 3 and 4 from Era 1) are worth 5,000GP to a sage. That's a great way to encourage exploration in a megadungeon or a sandbox campaign, and one I'll be implementing.

A handful of adventure seeds round out the chapter.


Each race (Men, Dwarf, Elf) is given several class recommendations, including what not to use to preserve the theme of Dwimmermount (including classes from the Player's Companion). With the exception of the Bard and Dwarven Craftpriest, all of the classes from ACKS Core are recommended for use.

The 'priest' is explicitly mentioned as a male version of the Priestess from the Player's Companion, and an alternate Paladin class is presented in the ACKS style. It's not significantly different from the PC Paladin, but has a stricter code. It loses the Aura of Protection, and with the additional code restrictions gains Dispel Evil at 10th plus a special mount at 4th; an interesting choice to make in a megadungeon campaign. They are called out as specifically rare and foreign; I wonder if this is very much a legacy from a specific player in James' Dwimmermount campaign.

There's a brief bit on expanding ACKS' spellcaster progression past 14th for what I assume will be NPC use later in the document.

Something really cool in this section is a table that links ACKS' Knowledge proficiency (at different ranks) to knowledge that the players could be allowed to possess - broken down by paragraph in the Putative History, and by section in the Secret History.

That's a real keen bit of worldbuilding I plan to keep in my pocket for use - giving players who choose Knowledge *actual knowledge* - as an immediate reward for picking or improving the skill rather than as an on-demand tap for information.

Chapter 4: Vicinity of Dwimmermount

Dwimmermount's area is based upon the old Outdoor Survival map, ever so slightly modified, so there's a lot of varied topography to work with. Rob Conley worked the map; and it matches up with his Blackmarsh product, so there's a easy way to expand if you're ever in the need. Each area of the map is given a name and a short description, and unique locations are pointed out.

There are many specific locations mentioned, each pointed out via hex number on the map, 24 in all. Many are settlements, some are adventure sites - it's certainly not enough to fill the map, so you've got plenty of areas to pop in your own ideas or favorite modules; a few modules from other publishers are mentioned.

 There are two other subterranean locations mentioned, and an interesting table used for randomly generating locations and connections to other areas - the entire effect being that one can presume much of the map contains various dungeons, catacombs, and tunnels that may or may not lead you far afield.

They're helpfully segregated by era, which establishes a theme and where this particular location may connect to, as well as probable occupants. It's an neat mechanic for quickly theming a random hole in the ground - it's advised a 1 in 6 chance per hex to find an opening into one of these locations.

The surface world of Dwimmermount is decidedly 'common' - aside from a few module recommendations, it is pretty vanilla psuedo-medieval D&D. Having trawled the Internet for early talk on the Labyrinth Lord version, I can tell you that the surface world is presented as the original author intended - Autarch concentrated mostly on the dungeon itself, touching upon and vastly adding to what they were left with from Maliszewski.

While that could be easily rectified for those who wish to do so; recall the history presented earlier - this is a world that has forgotten the origination of their gods, and has regressed to an earlier technology level, essentially. Through that lens, perhaps the PCs could be the harbingers of a new Renaissance through the revelations of the secrets of Dwimmermount.


Here we first see domains and realms as defined by Autarch. Since I'm covered under the OGL, let me show you one.

Hex 1425: Yarm
Domain Population: 400 urban families; 1,200 peasant families;
Domain Alignment: Neutral;
Domain Ruler: Lord Syndic Guerin Lamy, Venturer 8, N;
Domain Income: 7,116 gp;
Stronghold Value: 150,000 gp;
Settlement Investment Value: 20,000 gp;
Market Class: IV;
Trade Routes: Adamas, Retep City, Yethlyreom, Vidda, Fort Oro, Smerdlap’s Crossing;
Vassals: Fort Oro
Skipping some flavor text (in which we see they bumped it up to a Class IV because it's a port city at the confluence of three rivers - already they show us how it's OK to enhance the rules), we get to some more ACKS stuff:
Yarm dominates a small realm of 13 6-mile hexes with 4,940 families (about 25,000 people). Its Lord Syndic, Guerin Lamy, has a personal domain that includes the city itself (400 urban families) plus hex 1425 and 4 adjacent 6-mile hexes (1,200 peasant families). The city’s garrison consists of 60 heavy cavalry, 120 light infantry, and 120 bowmen, under the command of a mercenary captain (a 7th level fighter) and a lieutenant (a 5th level fighter).
This is pretty much everything you need - a line detailing the direct liege of the domain may have been handy working through it. (in this particular case, Yarm is no-one's vassal)

The chapter continues with a table detailing the realm of Adamas, with it's vassal realms; it includes the various types of incomes and costs involved with running an ACKS domain.

A detailed breakdown of that table will have to await a later date, though at the time of this post there's already activity on the ACKS boards about it. A market demand table for the settlements detailed appear a bit later.

After a short note on mercantile trade, we get into what may be a preview of the content we should expect in Lairs & Encounters - a way to dynamically generate domains and lairs in a hex.

Hexes are broken into three types; civilized; borderlands; wilderness. In civilized hexes (with a population density of 600 families - here we see the ACKS defaults being bent to a particular campaign world) civilized hexes may have anywhere from 1 to 5 domains, each with a variable number of families (you either get fewer large domains or more small domains, per hex).

Borderlands hexes have fewer domains still; and wilderness domains may only get a single domain, if it's adjacent to borderlands or a named settlement. If they are unsettled, we get a Lairs Per Hex table, allowing us to roll a number of monster lairs based on terrain type.

Chapter 5: Muntburg

The settlement with the most detail is Muntburg. (Muntburg?  It's a little bitty place...)  There's a nice, clean map of the town (I'm looking at you, WotC - pretty but oh so hard to mark up) There's 28 locations in town listed; some of which are repeats (anonymous housing, wall towers). There's several NPCs detailed.

There's a little note on how disturbances of the peace will trigger the town alarm, summoning 1d4+2 guards in 1d3 turns, with the usual "seek to subdue, will use force if needed" - struck me as funny, something cribbed out of any highschool-aged DM noting a check in place for a rowdy group of players.

Locations and NPCs are well detailed, there's information on how to interact with many of them economically, and a few come with plot hooks.

The chapter ends with a couple of possible plot hooks and a note about the growth of players beyond Muntburg's capabilities to service - a key time in any sandbox play, as the players have grown in power enough to survive wilderness travel to larger markets and areas.


Hey,  you wanna see a ACKS NPC stat block? OK!

Louys Herint [AL L, MV 60’ (20’), AC 8 (plate armor & shield +1), HD C4, HP 14, #AT 1, DG 1d6+1 (mace +1), SV C4, ML +1; Daily Spells: 2 1st , 1 2nd ; Repertoire: Cleric; Proficiencies: Command, Righteous Turning, Theology]

Chapter 6: Overview of the Dungeon

There's several details in this section about the physical location and particular hurdles of Dwimmermount.

The dungeon is/can be/has been sealed with force barriers, which can be deactivated entirely, sealed (impervious as a wall of force) or 'activated', which means that certain conditions (creature type, objects held, saves vs., alignment, etc.) allow a creature to pass through. A table is presented. Most of these gateways lead out of Dwimmermount, some are for inner prison areas. The adventure is specifically enabled by those force barriers suddenly coming down.

A section on the construction of the dungeon follows; with a small list of special materials (some alchemical, some fantasy-typed metals) given a description and a value. The order of construction of various levels are tabled as well, along with the originally intended purpose of the level and examples of the defining features of the level - each level was built in some specific era by a specific group of people, and as such has differences in materials, architecture, decoration and lighting.

There are many types of doors defined in Dwimmermount, from regular doors to sliding pocket doors to dilating doors to what are pictured in my mind like contemporary office glass doors. Lighting is explained; as many places have alchemical 'bulbs'. The various machinery found throughout Dwimmermount is given a location and rules to operate; and then expanded upon more in each level's chapter. Alternate means of travel in Dwimmermount via various pipes and fissures detailed is expounded upon.

The chapter closes out with advice on how to keep Dwimmermount looking active while the PCs are away, and touches on customization, including calling out a few places where objects, creatures, or events lack full description in the product, as a hook for the Judge to hang something on.

This was an interesting section - as I'll mention in other places, a lot of this can be read as guidelines for what to think about when designing your own strongly themed dungeons - having these sorts of details thought of and listed in a single place can help get a unified feel to the whole thing.

Chapter 7: Factions

Now here's something: Factions. These are the existing power groups within Dwimmermount; each with their own agenda, each having a relationship to the others.  

The book starts off by detailing origin types - in Dwimmermount from the time it fell, built/grown/awakened since the seal broke, or three classes of visitor, from around the world or beyond the world.

Then follow two tables; the factions by level, with their leader, and the location of the leader in the dungeon, and a second table detailing each faction's allies, enemies, and again the level they operate on.

After that, a description of each faction by level; so factions on multiple levels get multiple entries.

Lastly, a bit of advice about faction activities. The onus on the Judge is to have all these factions active and in motion, if they wish to - either the faction is in the state that the book states it is at the point in time the party encounters said faction, or, if you've been tracking days, the factions have continued to move their plans.

As an example, the Orc faction is currently aligned with the Kobolds (the Kobolds are aligned with the Spiders, but the Spiders aren't directly aligned with the Orcs); they (Orcs) are enemies with the Ghouls and Gnolls.

You'll also want to note the Ghouls and Gnolls don't get along. Turns out ghouls eat anything.

That's starting Level 1, and from the location description you'll want to have notes on how those relationships are actively playing out before the party enters that level.  What if the party fears the ghouls, and convinces the Orcs and Gnolls to band together, for example? Can the party get the Orcs and Gnolls to wipe out the Ghouls then arrange for those two factions to fall upon each other? What's that do to the Eld who also inhabit Level 3A?

And this isn't any different then the machinations that you as Judge do for your petty lords and merchants on the surface - but it's all much more immediate and personal, there under the tons of rock called Dwimmermount.

There's a lot of information in here, and this may be the chapter that takes the longest for most people to really digest and internalize. This chapter - not the one with all the maps - is why it says "Megadungeon" on the cover - a product with that moniker that's not making you sit and think and work these sorts of things out after giving you the snapshot of the environment is doing you a disservice.

Given the value of information and maps of Dwimmermount, and the implied 'gold rush' that is just spooling up as rumor of the mountain's opening spreads, other adventuring parties may become the most hated faction of all.

Section 2

Yon meat and potatoes - the dungeon maps and room descriptions.

Each chapter in this section starts with the dungeon map, a short overview of the history/function of the level, with a wandering monster table. Each room is named; a welcome sight, as in naming associations are made in the mind of the Judge and every bit helps when one is preparing to host players.

It's difficult to review something like this without playing it. As with any published adventure, it behooves the Judge to read through plenty of times to get the place (or likely places the party will be) set into mind, notes taken, pages marked. Monsters are given terse statblocks in the usual OSR style, references to other places or locations are called out by room number and level number when appropriate.

The wide sidebars allow for short notes, the vast majority of which are notices on what the players can study or who they can befriend/interrogate to learn the secrets of Dwimmermount detailed in Section 1.

Many of the interesting rooms are paired with a bit of artwork, easing explanation. The maps themselves are well presented. I'd had hoped that all the previous love given to door types would have made some impact on the icon design; the preparing Judge may want to think up his own way to clearly delineate them. There's a slight step back on map printability - the background matte is a bit 'staticy'; making it harder to eliminate for printing.

Dwimmermount is a dungeon with a purpose, and that will bear out through play, reading through the rooms.  Each level is laid out with that in mind, and feels functional, without giving up that je ne sais quoi that makes these levels into dungeons and not somebody's office building/research lab.

Each level has a clear theme, and the many factions working in Dwimmermount play off of each other in a logical way - the Judge wanting to make this a live dungeon shouldn't have much issue taking a bit of time to do so after the player's sessions. I could see a slow party, in fact, missing a lot of the as-written content of the place if a Judge really gets into his role.

There's plenty of places in the dungeon for the party to find allies, even unlikely ones, if they are careful, or of somewhat questionable morals.

Section 3

Appendix A: New Magical Items

This is where magical items found in Dwimmermount that are not in ACKS (and presumably LL) are listed. A good number of these are imports from 1E; Dwimmermount is no exception to the rule where 40+ years of D&D gets a lot of cross-pollination of items, spells, and the like; where your peanut butter and chocolate get so mixed you should have just bought Nutella - strong classics like the Bag of Tricks or Feather tokens; Ioun stones, Pearls of Power, the random assortment of self-improvement books.

Some items are from 'off-world'; those are strongly Barsoomian in flavor. Others are items found within Dwimmermount that integrate and operate it's more technological aspects.

There's  more than a few original-to-me ideas in here as well; some of them I won't cover for fear of spoilers.

Appendix B: New Spells

Again, very much the importation of 1E spells. We get a few more rituals, in Gate, Holy Word, and the venerable Symbol. The majority are arcane.

Appendix C: New Monsters

Some classics, some presented as unique in Dwimmermount. We get a range of demons in ACKS stats, from Manes to Balor. There's several new constructs, some of which powered by Dwimmermounts 'azoth' material.

There's several new undead sorts; Liches are present, then a handful of humanoid undead types unique to Dwimmermount's particular situation. 

Several of the monsters are ...Planescape-ish, one from the Astral Sea, another whose dungeon encounter group can be referred to as a 'ganglion', if you know what I mean, and I think you do. Dwimmermount's implied setting would be woefully incomplete without a couple of those classics locked out of the OGL.

Appendix D: Rival Adventuring Parties

Woefully underused, sometimes badly used; rival parties can get a group of players going like few things can - there's nothing worse than someone else getting to kill things and take stuff you planned to take after killing the same things. The only thing better are rival parties of other real players.

There's several teams; ranging from 1st level noobs to 6/7th level seasoned campaigners. Each team has a general motive, each member given a personality.

They all come with a table of sample jobs and pay rate for those jobs, which is a neat way to allow real players (or meddlesome NPCs) to farm out tasks. Each takes a different pay rate for different levels of the dungeon, which would be interesting on several fronts - either as a rearguard or if the player party decides to subcontract the whole NPC party out as a group of henchmen.

Appendix E: The Four Worlds

Dwimmermount's Sword & Planets base is revealed fully here; there is the moon of Telluria plus 3 planets, evidently, in the system, each with their own particular biome and residents. The nature of the Astral Plane is touched on, since there are things in Dwimmermount useful there, as well as a light section on other planes.

Appendix F: Azoth

Azoth is  special material found throughout the cosmos of Dwimmermount's setting, but is found in great supply in Dwimmermount itself. 

It has many uses, depending on what form it's in. Raw, it's mostly a pyrotechnic. Refined, it interfaces with ACKS' magical research rules, aids in spellcasting, can do a miraculous healing, formed into sovereign glue or it's solvent, or a super-acid. It's also used in several new additions to ACKS' transformation rules.

In short, it's ridiculously useful; and amongst other artifacts in Dwimmermount is one of the main plot drivers of several of the factions active in the dungeon.

Naturally, it's also harmful in the long term or in large quantities; including such side effects as mutation, explosion, loss of levels, gain of levels, loss or gain of magical powers, bloating, weight loss, depression, and erectile dysfunction, to name a few. Some of those are not real effects.

Appendix G: Turms Termax

The main antagonist of Dwimmermount is given life in this appendix. It closes with a method of achieving immortality compatible with ACKS' Magical Research rules; the exact method by which Turms managed to get ahead in life.

Name Tables

Lastly, several tables of given names and surnames of the various races and regions are given.

Other Dwimmermount Products

Illustration Book: Contains larger versions of the illustrations of specific areas in Dwimmermount.

Map Book: Contains larger versions of the dungeon maps, plus a larger wilderness map. If you plan to run Dwimmermount with the included regional areas, I'd strongly suggest this - the regional map in the book isn't conductive to larger-format printing.

Dungeon Tracker: Take a look at the preview version on RPGNow - it's very useful looking, and does to the dungeon maps what many of us would do anyway to prep to run something of this size. At $10, it's well under the time-value-of-money calculus of doing it yourself, and having it printed in it's native large format is pretty damn cheap. The Tracker ought to become the de-facto standard for presenting dungeon levels - it's that nice.


As one should expect from Autarch; this is a clean, well presented product; and don't think that's a small feat. They've taken Random Internet Blogger's homegrown campaign, and, 420 pages later, have output a product that works, and is consistent with itself. And they did it without Random Internet Blogger's continued help.

The setting is unique. Some folk may be turned off at the thought of 'space elves', but, keep in mind the difference between 'plane' and 'planet' is an extraneous 't',  and what you're really dealing with here is simply an alternatively presented cosmology. It can be argued Tolkien's elves are aliens.

What struck me in the read through is how to use Dwimmermount as an example - a how-to on presenting a themed dungeon or campaign world. I think the expectations set around the product before and after it's issues and during it's extended development ended up catalyzing something greater than I think it could have been under Maliszewski's stewardship.
  • A plain-fact presentation of Dwimmermount's history; labeled and referenced later; that have both mechanical and economical benefits to players
  • A developed overland political scene; a benefit derived from ACKS' domain management rules
  • Factions whose motives are derived from the above history, and whose methods lay consistent with that and the structures and features of the dungeon.
  • A megadungeon that is mega, and stays managable, without shying away from large themes, or collapsing under it's own plot.
It is a font of ideas - not only setting ideas, but presentation and preparatory ideas, not only for someone who would want to create their own dungeon, but for someone just setting up a sandbox environment, and wanting some structure to hang hexes up on.

Cut off Section 2, the dungeon itself, from the book and you still find yourself with a handy reference for a sandbox campaign. Add Section 2 back in; either in whole or parts (spread the levels of Dwimmermount across the whole board, if you'd like) and you've got hours and hours of play.

And it's all OGL; fold, spindle, and mutilate it - then share it back out as you like.

All of this, then, for $10.00; a madly underpriced PDF for what you're getting out of it, especially as compared to other megadungeon products. Take it as it is and you'll enjoy it just as much as if you dismantle it first; either way you're getting real value.

I have high hopes for Lairs & Encounters and the Auran Empire setting book, coming this upcoming year, seeing what Autarch has done here, and I expect the lessons learned developing this adventure to show through in their first adventure module products, Sinister Secrets of Sakkara and Secrets of the Undercity (I just noticed they're heavy on secrets in their titles...)

I'll end up using it, in whole or in parts. It meshes well enough with what concepts I've already got going that it's going to be very easy to let Dwimmermount grow as a seed to continue to flesh out my own view on my own 'space elves' and 'Ancient Ones'.

That being said, what I'd really like to do is take Starships & Spacemen (compatible, more or less, with ACKS/Labyrinth Lord) and do the biggest riff on Star Trek TOS' "The Apple" episode ever seen...

Thursday, November 20, 2014

Miniatures/Tokens On The Cheap

Have I ever mentioned I had started making tokens around the time we introduced the kids to gaming? I know I haven't mentioned how I make them.

Let's do that. It's been a long ass time since I had an Arts & Crafts post.

From Woodworks Ltd. I ordered a range of different wood shapes, mostly circles. As we'd started off in Mutants & Masterminds; a d20 product, creature scale was a defined thing - Small, Medium, Large, etc; on a 1 inch scale for Medium. As I thought we might branch out into a d20-based D&D at the time, I also made preparations to support "Long" creatures - so a wolf is Medium Long.

The kids love them. I was actually surprised, I didn't think they were that cool; just pictures on wood discs. There was a small combat at the beginning of a session that really didn't warrant using anything and they were disappointed I didn't break them out to use.

Anyway. Here's what I bought for what:

TokenCreature Size
3/4 inch circleSmall
1 inch circleMedium
1 1/4 inch ovalMedium-Long
2 inch circleLarge
2 inch ovalLarge-Long
3 inch circleHuge
2 3/4 inch ovalHuge-Long
4 inch circleGigantic
4 3/8 inch ovalGigantic-Long
TokenVehicle Size
1 inch squareMedium
2 1/4 inch rectangleLarge
3 inch rectangleHuge

Count-wise, when I purchased, I got 500 1 inch circles for $18.75, for example. That's a lot. I'm nowhere near through. Haven't had a use for Colossal yet, not real sure what I'd use, honestly.

So - second step. Because I'm anal fond of classification, I decided to paint the backs of the tokens different colors depending on their type - this has the added benefit of allowing me to use blank colored tokens to represent a creature when I may not have a properly faced token on hand. I grabbed some of those little 3oz Rustoleum paints in various colors:

d20 TypeACKS Type
Aberration (?)Fantastic Creature
-Beastmen (unpainted)
Elemental (?)Summoned Creature
FeyHumanoid (unpainted)
Giant (?)Giant Humanoid (?)
Humanoid (unpainted)Humanoid (unpainted)
Magical BeastFantastic Creature
Ooze (?)Ooze (?)
Outsider (Evil)Summoned Creature
PlantFantastic Creature

There's a few types I haven't made anything for  yet - never have gotten larger than an Ogre on the humanoid front. As 'beastmen' were 'humanoids' in d20, I'll leave them unpainted - the majority of opponents may be beastmen and the like, so saving paint by leaving those and other humanoid types is a good choice.

The construct color is actually a metallic silver that comes out real nice. It's likely if I ever made Elementals I may color them by element; and I may use the Fey 'tan' color for Giant Humanoids. And I'll keep plants green, I think.

Ooze will be a tough one. Rustoleum's not gonna give me a "gross" color :) Play-doh would be more fun anyway, and there's plenty of ways to procure a clear plastic cube for a Gelatinous Cube.


On a piece of paper, trace around all the token types you elected to use in pencil. Scan this in, so  you have a full sheet of "borders" for each type of token, at actual scale. That'll look like so:

I wrote down what I traced so I'd know, now, almost two years later, what the hell I was doing.

Decide what you're going to make.

I'm going to make some flying monkeys, as I'd doodled up a treasure map for the girls, at the end of which is Dyson's Scabrous Harpies map. I like harpies too, but I like to use them in their original mythology (as I mentioned before, I'm anal fond of classification).

Flying monkeys, let's say, when not under control of a sorcerer, default to being dangerous fuckers who collect shiny things - blame it on the bird DNA fused with simian curiosity, perhaps someone used a crow or magpie, to include old wive's tales. They're well aware humans carry lots of shiny things, so, it stands to reason they'll have a collection of good stuff - coins, gems, metal items that stay shiny because they're magic. And you'll hear of merchants being attacked and stolen from in large clouds of them; or a smaller troop quietly flying in the night to sneak through the covered top of a wagon, looking for the good bits.

I imagine these things with mean mandrill faces, shocks of unkempt feathers sticking out from around their heads like a turkey's tail. Long wings, vulture-like up on the shoulders, a wide span. Their tail would be prehensile, but covered in short feathers they could stiffen out during flight, so it'd end up looking like a fake Christmas tree branch.

Unfortunately I don't have a lick of artistic talent.

I can GIMP something up though. A GIS for 'flying monkey' gets me a lot of results - the one that strikes me though is the ones from 'Once Upon A Time' -  it's got the color and build I want, and it's not wearing a little valet's suit. As a bonus, mom and the eldest daughter are totally into the show (and the youngest has gotten hooked since Elsa from Frozen has shown up...very crafty Mouse, very crafty.)

I find a likely screenshot, and cut out the background. I search 'mandrill' and find a face that has the pose I want - a nice off-center shot, mouth agape, issuing a challenging scream.

You ever seen a mandrill in real life? They are mean looking dudes. That facial coloring is something else in person - pictures just don't do it. In person you get your brain's facial recog subroutines going and it's just unsettling - wonder no more why we used to (and still do) paint our faces.

I'm aided greatly in my efforts by the fact this is going on a 1 inch piece of wood - the small size will hide anything I do wrong.

I end up with this:

I am not your "pretty".
which is pretty vicious if I say so myself. I lightly desaturated the lower part of the mandrill's facial fur (it was a brownish) into a stained grey, intimating it uses those jaws, messily. I couldn't decide if I wanted to change the facial skin colors or not. I'm not sure I can do better than nature on that. I figure any given wizard could customize them to match their heraldry - that'd be fun.

Anyway. I decide to make 16 of these things, since there's no point going out and spraypainting less than 10. I cut and paste the 1 inch circles until I've got 16 of them on their own layer. Take them down to a ~30% opacity - you want them to print out very lightly. I print that out by itself - this is the back of the token sheet. You want to make sure you ignore margins - if you don't, your outlines and images will be scaled down. Test this!

I then copy that layer, and flip it horizontally. On another layer, I start copying my monkeys, placing the picture over each circle in a way that looks nice. That looks like the below. Make sure your pictures overlap the outlines! At least by 1/4 to 1/2 an inch, depending on the size - consider your own manual dexterity. Later you'll be trying to place these tokens on a sticky piece of paper without misaligning or getting glue all over your fingers, so you want a little room for error.

You're also going to be tempted, like I was the first time, to crowd a whole bunch of these in one page - don't do it. The paper is the least expensive part of this project, and it's a pain in the ass to place the tokens on the glue when they're all crowded, and it's almost impossible to move the paper after you've glued it if it's weighed down with ~40 some odd tokens. ~24 or so of the 1 inch tokens is a pretty good maximum.

Notice the top two have different noses. Before I did the final 8, I took the first of that set, selected the facial area, and adjusted the hue, to turn the red more purplish.

I also flipped half of each group over, so I've got 8 left-handed monkeys and 8 right-handed monkeys, each in two color schemes.

It's a really easy way to get some variety in a set of the same creatures, so it doesn't look like a clone attack every time you bring a group out. It's the token equivalent of changing a weapon or stance in a miniature.

I also number them, so I can keep track of what's what on scratch paper, as far as damage or effects go.

I print this out on the blank side of the page we previously printed, after hiding the layer that has the circle outlines. You don't want those outlines on the front - you want a clean blank edge.

Now, when that's printed, you should be able to hold the paper up to a light and see how the images and outlines line up. You really want to test this a few times for your system and printer with a test set of images. For example, I mentioned above it's been a couple years since I made these. In the interim, I bought a new computer - for whatever reason, I was an eighth of an inch off to the left on the outlines lining up with the images. Between driver differences and a new version of GIMP, something changed with how things printed.

Next - time to glue. I use a spray adhesive, 3M's Super 77. Spray adhesive keeps you from having to worry about bumps from the glue.

Obviously, you should do this in a well ventilated area, the picture I show here is illustrative - I moved all this out to the garage to do the gluing. You can see through the paper a bit to see how the two sides line up.

Give the paper (outline side) a good spraying, I do a couple slow swipes, it's probably too much but, hey. Then, carefully, quickly, and with minimum panic, place your tokens on the sheet, in the outlines you gave yourself. A little misalignment is fine, that's why you overlapped your pictures. Give each token a firm press after you place it.

You can move them after you've placed them if you haven't pressed, if you're quick and careful and really messed something up (I placed one paint-side-down once the first round).

Once they're placed, move the paper. If you're like me, you may have gotten some glue spray up underneath the paper on the token side (another good reason why you don't crowd tokens at the edge of the sheet). Move it around a couple times in the next 10 minutes so the glue on the underside doesn't set on whatever you sprayed on.

Let it dry till it's not tacky to the touch.

Here's the laborious part - cutting them out. Get yourself an X-acto knife and carefully cut around the edges of the wood - you may shave off paint and wood around the edges, just be careful.

Take a high-grit sandpaper and sand the paper edge a bit; lightly, now; that'll get whatever chaff the knife left on. Do it at a high degree angle to the edge so you don't sand off your paint.

Finally, I take mine back out and give both sides a coat of clear matte spray, to protect the paper.

And here's a selection of my tokens. That guy in the upper left is from Mutants & Masterminds - he's a Black Manta sort of dude.  I've got a lot more of the M&M guys, I'm just not real sure where the rest of them went.

A lot of these are clips from various WotC sources. Note on the zombies and goblins how I used the hue+saturation tool to mix things up a bit visually. I'm looking forward to 5E product basically so I can get better art sources...

The human headshots are all from HeroMachine. There's various PC tokens and then a small set of "human fighters" for general mercenary sort of use.

Let me know if you try it out, and how it goes.

Thursday, October 30, 2014

Unified Stealth/Surprise Table

Sneaking is a good Halloween subject, as it is the season to do so, in good fun.

There was a pile of discussion earlier on Autarch's boards about thief skills  and the utility thereof. Lots of good ideas in there. One thing that came out of that was the proper methods by which one sneaks - a thief applies Hide in Shadows & Move Silently when applicable, and the targets get Hide Noise and Surprise rolls, when needed.

The process was expounded upon, resulting in a few 'choice trees' - CharlesDM of the excellent By This Axe I rule blog has one here, in fact.

Since we're dealing with dice, we're dealing with percentages which means we can simplify this down to scorched earth.

And I do so, on the table below. Note I've added another choice to the tree - the choice to Move Silently towards an inattentive target, so as to deny them a Hear Noise roll.

We'll proceed assuming my second time through Statistics stuck. ;)

Attentive Target
Inattentive Target
No Concealment
Hide Successful
Hide Failure
Move Silently Successful
Move Silently Failure
Move Silently Successful
Move Silently Failure
Hear Noise Failure
Hear Noise Success
Hear Noise Failure
Hear Noise Success
Surprise FailureSurprise FailureSurprise FailureSurprise Failure
Thief 12.00%6.80%0.40%30.00%33.33%20.00%68.00%4.00%
Thief 23.75%9.56%0.56%28.33%33.33%25.00%63.75%3.75%
Thief 36.00%11.90%0.70%26.66%33.33%30.00%59.50%3.50%
Thief 48.75%13.81%0.81%25.00%33.33%35.00%55.25%3.25%
Thief 512.00%15.30%0.90%23.33%33.33%40.00%51.00%3.00%
Thief 615.75%16.36%0.96%21.66%33.33%45.00%46.75%2.75%
Thief 724.75%17.21%1.01%18.33%33.33%55.00%38.25%2.25%
Thief 835.75%16.36%0.96%15.00%33.33%65.00%29.75%1.75%
Thief 948.75%13.81%0.81%11.67%33.33%75.00%21.25%1.25%
Thief 1063.75%9.56%0.56%8.33%33.33%85.00%12.75%0.75%
Thief 1180.75%3.61%0.21%5.00%33.33%95.00%4.25%0.25%
Thief 1285.50%3.83%0.22%3.33%33.33%95.00%4.25%0.25%
Thief 1395.00%0.00%0.00%1.67%33.33%100.00%0.00%0.00%
Thief 14100.00%0.00%0.00%0.00%33.33%100.00%0.00%0.00%

This is a Plinko game of possible ways to get surprise on someone. Drop from Attentive Target to a Hide Success to a Move Silent Failure to a Hear Noise Failure, and you know your 5th level Thief has a 15.3% chance to get surprise in that particular situation.

Check out Thief 14. Note how there's a bunch of 0% chances in there - that's the chance to get into that particular situation - we never do, because the Thief does not fail her checks at that level. That leads us to our next table.

The thing about percentages is that different choices at different rates of success to get to the same result are additive - so we can simplify this further, if we don't care how the result was had:

Target Without AlertnessTarget Has Alertness
Attentive TargetInattentive TargetAttentive TargetInattentive Target
ConcealmentNo ConcealmentConcealmentNo Concealment
Thief 139.20%33.33%92.00%22.67%16.67%76.67%
Thief 242.21%33.33%92.50%25.89%16.67%78.13%
Thief 345.26%33.33%93.00%29.25%16.67%79.58%
Thief 448.37%33.33%93.50%32.76%16.67%81.04%
Thief 551.53%33.33%94.00%36.42%16.67%82.50%
Thief 654.74%33.33%94.50%40.22%16.67%83.96%
Thief 761.31%33.33%95.50%48.26%16.67%86.88%
Thief 868.07%33.33%96.50%56.89%16.67%89.79%
Thief 975.04%33.33%97.50%66.09%16.67%92.71%
Thief 1082.21%33.33%98.50%75.89%16.67%95.63%
Thief 1189.57%33.33%99.50%86.26%16.67%98.54%
Thief 1292.88%33.33%99.50%90.35%16.67%98.54%
Thief 1396.67%33.33%100.00%95.83%16.67%100.00%
Thief 14100.00%33.33%100.00%100.00%16.67%100.00%

As Judge, I have exactly three decisions - does the target have Alertness, is the target Attentive, is Concealment available - then I roll my percentile single surprise roll for that particular situation or round of movement.

This brings out some interesting things. Barbarian's Naturally Stealthy is a heck of a bonus - pushing the Barbarian's chance to surprise a foe up to the same level as a 5th level Thief sneaking her heart out. (we can safely assume the Barbarian always fails his Hide In Shadows check, hence he has his normal chance to surprise the opponent).

If I really wanted to know how the thief managed to surprise her target, I could set up a table assigning ranges to different percent spreads, drawing from the first table. If I was willing to give up some resolution on the results, I could drag this back down into a d20 table (which I'll probably do before I actually use this).

Since I have the spreadsheets up, I can take a moment to look at a few different possiblities. In the thread on Autarch's board that spawned all this, Alex posted a set of house rules to improve the thief's chances via equipment bonuses and encumberance advantages.

All in all, the maximal bonus a thief can get to Hide in Shadows and Move Silently is +6 each. What's that look like?

Target Without AlertnessTarget Has Alertness
Attentive TargetInattentive TargetAttentive TargetInattentive Target
ConcealmentNo ConcealmentConcealmentNo Concealment
Thief 155.33%33.33%88.33%44.17%16.67%85.42%
Thief 258.61%33.33%89.50%48.26%16.67%86.88%
Thief 362.00%33.33%90.67%52.50%16.67%88.33%
Thief 465.51%33.33%91.83%56.89%16.67%89.79%
Thief 569.13%33.33%93.00%61.42%16.67%91.25%
Thief 672.87%33.33%94.17%66.09%16.67%92.71%
Thief 780.71%33.33%96.50%75.89%16.67%95.63%
Thief 889.01%33.33%98.83%86.26%16.67%98.54%
Thief 996.67%33.33%100.00%95.83%16.67%100.00%
Thief 10100.00%33.33%100.00%100.00%16.67%100.00%
Thief 11100.00%33.33%100.00%100.00%16.67%100.00%
Thief 12100.00%33.33%100.00%100.00%16.67%100.00%
Thief 13100.00%33.33%100.00%100.00%16.67%100.00%
Thief 14100.00%33.33%100.00%100.00%16.67%100.00%

Quite a bit better. A city thief who's not running out of armor oil in the middle of a dungeon can make a pretty good go of things right off, beating the Barbarian immediately. That table also models somewhat what would happen if a DEX 18 Thief was allowed to add her bonus to the rolls, and had taken the two proficiencies improving the skills, for a +5 total to each.

Moving on, what happens if we let Naturally Stealthy be a general proficiency, so anyone can take it, including thieves and other folks with stealth skills?

Target Without AlertnessTarget Has Alertness
Attentive TargetInattentive TargetAttentive TargetInattentive Target
ConcealmentNo ConcealmentConcealmentNo Concealment
Thief 154.40%50.00%94.00%38.13%33.33%81.33%
Thief 256.66%50.00%94.38%40.71%33.33%82.50%
Thief 358.95%50.00%94.75%43.40%33.33%83.67%
Thief 461.28%50.00%95.13%46.21%33.33%84.83%
Thief 563.65%50.00%95.50%49.13%33.33%86.00%
Thief 666.06%50.00%95.88%52.17%33.33%87.17%
Thief 770.98%50.00%96.63%58.61%33.33%89.50%
Thief 876.06%50.00%97.38%65.51%33.33%91.83%
Thief 981.28%50.00%98.13%72.87%33.33%94.17%
Thief 1086.66%50.00%98.88%80.71%33.33%96.50%
Thief 1192.18%50.00%99.63%89.01%33.33%98.83%
Thief 1294.66%50.00%99.63%92.28%33.33%98.83%
Thief 1397.50%50.00%100.00%96.67%33.33%100.00%
Thief 14100.00%50.00%100.00%100.00%33.33%100.00%

Gives a good improvement, but doesn't have that sudden jump at the end that happens with the equipment/encumberance rules.  It'd be a heck of a lot better than the proficiencies that give +2 to the skills.

Let's do a couple more question-answerings. What happens if we let anyone try to Hide in Shadows or Move Silently, at one less point on the die than a level 1 Thief?

Target Without AlertnessTarget Has Alertness
Attentive TargetInattentive TargetAttentive TargetInattentive Target
ConcealmentNo ConcealmentConcealmentNo Concealment
Thief 139.20%33.33%92.00%22.67%16.67%76.67%
Thief 242.21%33.33%92.50%25.89%16.67%78.13%
Thief 345.26%33.33%93.00%29.25%16.67%79.58%
Thief 448.37%33.33%93.50%32.76%16.67%81.04%
Thief 551.53%33.33%94.00%36.42%16.67%82.50%
Thief 654.74%33.33%94.50%40.22%16.67%83.96%
Thief 761.31%33.33%95.50%48.26%16.67%86.88%
Thief 868.07%33.33%96.50%56.89%16.67%89.79%
Thief 975.04%33.33%97.50%66.09%16.67%92.71%
Thief 1082.21%33.33%98.50%75.89%16.67%95.63%
Thief 1189.57%33.33%99.50%86.26%16.67%98.54%
Thief 1292.88%33.33%99.50%90.35%16.67%98.54%
Thief 1396.67%33.33%100.00%95.83%16.67%100.00%
Thief 14100.00%33.33%100.00%100.00%16.67%100.00%

A couple percent point improvement for the non-thief classes; theoretically cheap to implement if you're OK with using this table.

One more - there's a few thoughts floating around about combining Move Silently and Hide In Shadows into one single 'Stealth' or 'Skulking' skill roll. What happens if we remove the barrier to success that is requiring two successful rolls?

Attentive Target
Inattentive Target
No Concealment
Stealth Failure (Same as No Concealment)
Stealth Successful
Stealth Failure
Stealth Successful
Stealth Failure
Hear Noise Failure
Hear Noise Success
Hear Noise Failure
Hear Noise Success
Surprise FailureSurprise FailureSurprise FailureSurprise Failure
Thief 120.00%68.00%4.00%33.33%33.33%20.00%68.00%4.00%
Thief 225.00%63.75%3.75%33.33%33.33%25.00%63.75%3.75%
Thief 330.00%59.50%3.50%33.33%33.33%30.00%59.50%3.50%
Thief 435.00%55.25%3.25%33.33%33.33%35.00%55.25%3.25%
Thief 540.00%51.00%3.00%33.33%33.33%40.00%51.00%3.00%
Thief 645.00%46.75%2.75%33.33%33.33%45.00%46.75%2.75%
Thief 755.00%38.25%2.25%33.33%33.33%55.00%38.25%2.25%
Thief 865.00%29.75%1.75%33.33%33.33%65.00%29.75%1.75%
Thief 975.00%21.25%1.25%33.33%33.33%75.00%21.25%1.25%
Thief 1085.00%12.75%0.75%33.33%33.33%85.00%12.75%0.75%
Thief 1195.00%4.25%0.25%33.33%33.33%95.00%4.25%0.25%
Thief 1295.00%4.25%0.25%33.33%33.33%95.00%4.25%0.25%
Thief 13100.00%0.00%0.00%33.33%33.33%100.00%0.00%0.00%
Thief 14100.00%0.00%0.00%33.33%33.33%100.00%0.00%0.00%

That's quite a boost! A failure in Stealth gets boiled down to being the same as having no concealment, and Hear Noise becomes a much less effective gateway. Our combined tables look like so:

Target Without AlertnessTarget Has Alertness
Attentive TargetInattentive TargetAttentive TargetInattentive Target
ConcealmentNo ConcealmentConcealmentNo Concealment
Thief 192.00%33.33%92.00%76.67%16.67%76.67%
Thief 292.50%33.33%92.50%78.13%16.67%78.13%
Thief 393.00%33.33%93.00%79.58%16.67%79.58%
Thief 493.50%33.33%93.50%81.04%16.67%81.04%
Thief 594.00%33.33%94.00%82.50%16.67%82.50%
Thief 694.50%33.33%94.50%83.96%16.67%83.96%
Thief 795.50%33.33%95.50%86.88%16.67%86.88%
Thief 896.50%33.33%96.50%89.79%16.67%89.79%
Thief 997.50%33.33%97.50%92.71%16.67%92.71%
Thief 1098.50%33.33%98.50%95.63%16.67%95.63%
Thief 1199.50%33.33%99.50%98.54%16.67%98.54%
Thief 1299.50%33.33%99.50%98.54%16.67%98.54%
Thief 13100.00%33.33%100.00%100.00%16.67%100.00%
Thief 14100.00%33.33%100.00%100.00%16.67%100.00%

That's...excessive. The system sort of falls apart, because Hear Noise's high failure rate is really relying on the combined low percentage chance of both Hide in Shadows and Move Silently needing to be successful - since we don't have a check for "seeing something" other than determining the alertness level of the target. You'd almost have to give being "alert" a throw (like d20 did with Spot) or transmogrify Hear Noise into a general "Notice" throw at a better chance of success.

Even if you reversed Hear Noise so that it succeeded on a throw of 5+, you're still going to have a straight improvement from a base of around 54%, rather than the gradual, curved improvement afforded by requiring two separate rolls.

You may have to then fall back to opposed rolls. Not sure - I'm gonna let that lie outside the scope of this post.

What's the takeaway?

If you look at it as a whole process, it's not as bad as the numbers on the Thief table make it seem. Just being a Thief gets you a better chance to surprise an opponent than a normal person right off. From that view, it's no better or worse than the fighter's Attack Throw at level one - better than a normal man, but not superheroic by any means.

And, for those that want to fiddle, even as much as a +6 bonus doesn't end up being much more than a 20%  improvement level-by-level during the first ~9 levels - and letting anyone attempt to sneak at a tick worse than a level 1 Thief doesn't change things much.

On the other hand, combining Move Silently and Hide in Shadows certainly makes a change for the worse (depending on your view) as it relegates Hear Noise to a much lesser role.